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Exhaustive Langton Shields

by David Langton


The Langton Exhaustive Shields roll contains just about every Langton shield that we have been able to discover plus a variety of related shields.


We include shields of names derived from Langton such as Lenton and Langston / Langstone as well as names which have less clear connections; Landon, Langhorn, Langthorn, Lanton, Longden, Longsden, Langstaff, Longstaff, and Laughton. All these mysterious relationships can be cleared up by DNA. If you have had your Y DNA tested then please send it in to us.

If you have not had a y DNA test get into the 21st century and get tested by a cheek swab. We may be able to link you to some of the shields below.


The roll records all significant variants, which almost certainly include mistakes. Shields were a source of status and so there was widespread borrowing by people claiming to be distant relations of a more famous family. This is why we get many examples of people with similar names having similar shields.


Many of the shields described have corresponding images below them so that you can visualize what they would have actually looked like. As this article is so large, not all coats of arms have images yet, but those that dont, will be added in time until we have an image for each shield that is described.


Colour Key:

Argent = silver/white

Sable = black

Gules = red

Or = gold

Azure = blue

Vert = green


Click here to see sources

 

Double Headed Eagle Leicestershire and Lancashire

 

Leicestershire is in the English Midlands, Lancashire is in the North West of England.

Whilst we have the DNA for Lancashire (Haplogroup i) we do not have samples from Leicestershire. If you are a Langton or a Lenton from Leicestershire please consider a DNA test.

The Church Langton Thomas Langton memorial tomb in Leicestershire sadly no longer exists. This was probably the tomb of Thomas Langton arminger who died before 1471. He was in fact from the senior line of Langtons although heralds seem to think he was from the junior line. This confusion probably arises from the fact he uses the double headed eagle that came to the junior line of Langtons when Margaret Orrel married Robert Langton in Lancashire. The junior line’s lands in Leicestershire were transferred to their son Robert Langton of Lowe who used the double headed eagle. So either the senior line just assumed its use perhaps with some alteration for difference or a female from the junior line married a male from the senior line. The following three/four shields all seem to be different descriptions of the same thing. Burton’s actual description according to the Leicestershire Architectural Society is as follows: ‘Upon the monument of Thomas de Langton are engraved the arms of Langton….


1 … Azure an eagle displayed with two heads; and argent, on a bend sable five bezants or.

Langton shield 1

Given Burton’s description which seems to be the Langton arms impaling his wife’s or mothers arms, it makes me wonder if the description has been cobbled together into one, so that the bend sable has been superimposed onto the eagle which perhaps never had a bend. Clearly the description below in Burke citing Burton is different from this citation of Burton above.


2 Azure double headed  eagle or overall bend sableBoth Papworth and Burke. Burke adds described by Burton.

Langton shield 2

3 Azure double headed eagle argent a bendlet sable Papworth. Azure an imperial eagle argent a bendlet sable

Langton shield 3

Robson British Herald and Berry. Also referred to by William Langton Chetham Society who suggests that whilst the tincture of the field in Leicestershire is normally azure this one may be vert indicating a junior line. The term brisure is used


4 William Langton Chetham Society Vert an eagle displayed with two heads argent debruised by a bendlet sable

Langton shield 4

5 Azure double headed eagle or overall a riband sable TwoTudor Books of Arms p276 Langton shield 5

This could be a description of either the above two but differs from 2 in that it has a riband rather than a bend. It differs from the second in that whilst bendlet and riband may be the same, the eagle is or here and argent in 3


The following shields have no bend/bendlet/riband


6 Argent double headed eagle vert

Langton shield 6

recorded by Papworth as from Glover and being Low of Low Lancs, but according to Papworth it is a mistake. Papworth then gives LOWE Co Lancaster citing Withie’s additions to Glover MS1459. However whilst Burke and Papworth do give this as Lowe they also give it as a quartering of LANGTON  of Lowe,  Lancaster. The same quartering of the eagle occurs in the earlier source the British Herald see 12. It seems clear that it is Langton of Lowe in origin but was then taken over by Lowes or a cadet branch of Langton who adopted the name Lowe.

Edward Langton the last of the line d1733 sealed his will with argent an eagle displayed between two heads vert –Burke Encyclopaedia.

The shield below is a further development and the documentation of the 1694 registration would probably throw some light on the descent of the Lowes of Lowe who acquired the eagle of the Langtons of Lowe


7 Quarterly ermine and or a double headed eagle vert Lowe of Westminster 1694
Papworth

Langton shield 7

8 Quarterly 1&4 argent double headed eagle vert 2&3 argent 3 chevron gules Langton of Lowe Burke

Langton shield 8

9 Quarterly argent 3 chevrons sable and argent an eagle displayed two necks vert Low in Lancashire Glover/Edmondson Glover/Berry

Langton shield 9

10 Argent 3 chevrons gules quarterly an eagle displayed two heads vert  Langton of Lowe Papworth

Langton shield 10

11 Quarterly 1 & 4 argent 3 chevron gules 2 & 3 double headed eagle crescent in middle Grafton book on Lancashire

Langton shield 11

12 Quarterly 1&4 ar 3 chevron sable(sic) 2&3 double headed eagle vert Langton of LowBritish Herald

Langton shield 12

13 Argent double headed eagle vert beaked and legged or Notes of Randle Holme ‘At Wygan in the glasse window of the church’ argent three chevrons gules impaled with argent an eagle displayed with two heads vert beaked and legged or Harl Ms 2129

Langton shield 13

William Langton’s interpretation of the above window is that it marks the marriage of a Langton of Lowe to a female of the De Orel family. (In fact Margaret Orel married Robert Langton of Newton. It was their second son Robert who was the first of the Langtons of Lowe). Whilst the Langtons of Lowe were a junior branch it was nevertheless, they who held the traditional Leicestershire Langton lands of the cadet branch with the effect that the eagle travelled south to Leicestershire. Richard De Orel had used the motif of the double headed eagle in 1307. In 1368 it is central on shield of John de Langton of Lowe, Hindley (Harl Ms 2112) and may well have been in use before this date. William Langton discounts the historical existence of a family named Lowe. He says that Grafton in his book on Lancashire records the ‘imaginary’ family named Lowe. This still leaves a problem in that if the double headed eagle comes from de Orel through the twice junior line of the Langtons of Lowe how does it end up on the tomb of Thomas Langton of the senior line in Leicestershire?

 

Vair Leicestershire and Lancashire

Entirely vair shields are rare probably because of the sheer number of squirrel skins required. Beside the Langton one the only other one is Beauchamp. There are others that are vair but have labels saving a number of skins, included among these is PEVERELL. Then there are others that have the vair pattern but are described as vairy being argent and sable, or and sable, and or and vert. Maybe they used a painted colour in combination with white and black skins or maybe they just used paints. There are a number of Leicestershire entries argent/sable.  Farmer/Farmour, azure/ermine Ward, or/sable Stanton. Many more shields occur with vair in combination with bends, chevrons, fesse etc which require fewer skins. It has been suggested by William Langton that the Langtons had vair because they were copying the overlords the Marmions who bore vair a fesse gules, however a copy increasing the amount of vair seems unlikely. The obvious link is the Peverells who also bore a vair shield with a label gules.

21 Vair shield-West Langton Leicestershire William Langton Chetham Society, We have it attributed to John son of Richard. There is a John Langton assessed for half a knights fee in West Langton in 1428 probably from the Lowe line. We do not know his father’s name.

Langton shield 21

22 Argent 3 chevrons gules a bordure vair Robert Langton Lowe 1342 William Langton C.S.

Langton shield 22

23 Argent 3 chevrons gules a canton vair Post restoration 1664 visitation Lancs

Langton shield 23

24 Vair in chief three trefoils slipped or Source?

Langton shield 24

25 Vairy argent and azure  BEAUCHAMP Hacke Somerset 1299 parliamentary summons Papworth Why Papworth uses Vairy here rather than Vair is unknown

Beauchamp shield 1

26 Vairy argent and azure label gules PEVERELL Papworth

Peverell shield 1

27 Vairy azure and or PEVERELL Lenton Abbey Notts presumably a window but also described in a contradictory entry see below Papworth

Peverell shield 2

28 Vairy or and vert PEVERELL Lenton Abbey Notts Papworth

Peverell shield 3

29 Vair a fesse gules MARMION Burke

Marmion shield 1

 

Three Chevrons Gules Lancashire / Makerfield/Wigan

Lancashire is in the North West of Englandhaplogroups j2, i2a1 and r. These shields relate to group i2a1. If you are a Langton or Longton from Lancashire you will need to get DNA tested to see if these shields are part of your history. If you are a Langston, Landon, Langdon or similar from outside of the UK your name may have drifted in form and you may match one of these groups. Only a DNA sample will tell.

30 Argent 3 chevrons gules bordure vair Sir Robert Baron of Newton 14C Burke. See also 022

Langton shield 30

31 Argent 3 chevrons gules Ralph de Langton, Walton Cheshire, Ledell Lancs 2 Tudor Books MS 2169  Glover/Edmondson(crest man-Ledall) Berry appendix-crest a woman’s head . Also Banester Lancashire Burke

Langton shield 31

32 Argent 3 chevrons gules The top chevron touching the top of the shield the bottom one spreading like a diamond rather than a chevron into the point of the shield National Portrait Gallery 1587

Langton shield 32

33 Quarterly 1&4 argent 3 chevronels gules 2&3 argent cross fleury sable. Flower’s Visitation of 1567

Langton shield 33

34 Quarterly argent 3 chevrons gules and argent a cross moline sable Langton Baron of Newton County Palatine of Lancaster Berry

Langton shield 34

35 Party per pale argent & or 3 chevron gules William Langton Broughton Lancs 25th June 1657 Berry  (Commonwealth) Cockermouth Burke and somewhat bizarrely Per pale (argent & or) 3 chevronels gules

Langton shield 35

History of Flax Bourton  Master c1850 Impaled by Gore representing the marriage of Gore to his cousin the daughter of Joseph Langton of Newton Park Bath. The correct Langton shield (according to official records) is the Lincolnshire quartered either sable/or or or/gules. So why this mistake?

36 Argent 3 chevrons gules canton vair William Langton Broughton (Restoration) Burke andThomas Langton’s Ontario drawing of above

Langton shield 36

37 Argent 3 chevrons gules a fleur-de-lys sable for difference James L Heeton Cumberland Burke

Langton shield 37

38 Argent 2(another 3) chevrons gules Langton Baron of Malton (sic) Lancs Glover/Edmondson/Berry  and Langborne Papworth

Langton shield 38

39 Argent 3 chevronelles  gules, label of 3 points azure  Christopher De Langeton Willement’s roll published as Temp Richard II 1377-99. Also Langton of Lowe Hindley chevron ref?

Langton shield 39

40 Argent 3 chevrons gules erased (outline-like 6 thin chevronels)Frankley Church Worcs also argent three chevrons gules Grazebrook Heraldry of Worcester 1873

Langton shield 40

41 Argent 3 chevrons gules an annulet for difference Visitation Cumberland and Westmoreland as per 1591 data

Langton shield 41

42 Argent 3 chevrons sable in dexter chief an annulet for difference.

Langton shield 42

Langton of Heton a younger branch of Langton of Ledall Lancashire


 

See also Nos  48, 97 and 98

 

Banastre Cross

The Banastre cross occurs quartered with Langton following the marriage of John Langton to the Banastre heiress of Makerfield. Other Banastres continued to hold land further to the north within Lancashire around Preston. It is possible that there was some name swapping between the Langtons and the Banastres so if your name is Bannister send in your DNA and we’ll check just in case. 

45 Argent cross patee - sable Paintings/Warrington Priory BANASTRE Patee/patonce is a broad spreading cross

Banastre shield 45

46 Argent cross (Moline?) cercelee BANASTRE  Banastre shield 46
Beltz Memorials describes Banastre cross relating to Order of the Garter as cercelee meaning it’s voided of the field. However William Langton says a woodcut based on a tracing shows it as normal. Beltz could of course still be right. Would he add an unusual term cercelee for no reason?

47 Argent cross Moline gules LANGTON Langton shield 47
Foster in 2Tud 2169 in what is a very confused entry shared with Percehaye who have similar shields recorded in Burke. It may be Langton but is more likely Percehay. The image immediately above in Foster is a cross Moline recercelee belonging to a previous entry. But given Beltz’s recording above that the Banastre cross was cercelee was it this that put Langton into the mind of the roll writer to mess the entry up by adding in Langton. Something must have made him write Langton and enter a duplicate Langton entry.

 If you are a Langston, Landon, Langdon or similar from outside of the UK your name may have drifted in form and you may match one of these groups. Only a DNA sample will tell.


48 Quarterly 1&4 three chevronels gules 2&3 cross patonce sable Langton shield 48
Lancaster castle shield for Sir Thomas Langton sheriff 1534, 1556 and 1567.  The Lancaster castle cross is completely wrong Patonce is a spreading cross

 

Langton/Longton Shield of Lancashire

 Lancashire is in the North West of England.

We have three sequences of DNA from Lancashire from three different haplogroups j2, i2a1 and r. These shields relate to group j2. If you are a Langton or Longton from Lancashire you will need to get DNA tested to see if these shields are part of your history. If you are a Langston, Landon, Langdon or similar from outside of the UK your name may have drifted in form and you may match one of these groups. Only a DNA sample will tell.

The Langtons of Preston were descended from the Bussels. Although no shield is recorded under the Langton name the various branches of the Bussel family bore the same shield. It is entirely consistent to assume the Langtons did as well. The following shield is therefore a reconstruction

51 Or/argent 3 water bougets azure/sable Langton reconstruction.

Langton shield 51

52 Or 3 water bougets azure Hugh de BOUES/BOUTS Papworth

Boues shield 52

53  Or 3 water bougets azure BUSSY Burke

Bussy shield 53

54 Argent a chevron between 3 water bougets sable BUSSELL/BUSHELL Lord of Brodmerston Herts Burke

Bussell shield 54

55 Argent a fesse between 3 bougets sable hooped or FITZHUGH Burke

Fitzhugh shield 55

56 D’argent a une daunsy trois bouges sable TRUSBUTT Temp EIII TRUSSEBUZ Burke

Trusbutt shield 56

57 argent 3 water bougets gules Ross heiress of TROISBOUTZ

Troisboutz shield 57

58 De goules a trois bougets de sable Sir Johan de Ros Roll EII

de Ros shield 58

59 Argent on a chevron between three water bougets gules two pairs of keys in saltire or Penwortham Priory Burke

Langton shield 59

 

Langton (De Longeton) Cross Moline/Flury Lancashire

Lancashire is in the North West of England.

We have three sequences of DNA from Lancashire from three different haplogroups j2, i2a1 and r. These shields relate to group j2. If you are a Langton or Longton from Lancashire you will need to get DNA tested to see if these shields are part of your history. If you are a Langston, Landon, Langdon or similar from outside of the UK your name may have drifted in form and you may match one of these groups. Only a DNA sample will tell.

The most likely explanation of all these shields is that they are all De Longeton (Langton) shields. Note Papworth’s ascription of 237. The cross is well attested back to the middle of the Fourteenth Century. It is difficult to see how one Langton family (Wigan) could have two different shields going for so long and of such antiquity.  I am unconvinced by Jones’ ascription of shield 233 to William of Kilvrough 1310-2. William was a Yorkshire Langton and Jones cites no evidence.

61Per pale or and azure cross flury gules Glover/Edmondson British Herald-Burke-Papworth Flory Berry appendix

Langton shield 61

62 Per pale or and azure a cross flurry gules and for a difference a bend sable Papworth

Langton shield 62

63     Per pale or and azure cross Moline ‘bendlet’ sable Papworth citing Jenyns

Langton shield 63

The above is cited in W H Jones History of Swansea and the lordship of Gower as the shield of Sir William Langton of Kilvrough c1310-12 but it is unclear what is the original evidence for this.

64   Per pale or and azure cross Moline overall a ‘bend’ sable Berry appendix Burke and British Herald

Langton shield 64

65 Quartered or and azure cross flurry gules Burke & British Herald (ascribed to Rauf Langton in my notes don’t know why?

Langton shield 65

66 Per fesse or and azure cross moline gules over it a bend sable Berry Appendix Burke  and Robson British Herald.

Langton shield 66

Papworth adds depressed by a bend sable and saying it is a misread of Jenyns


67 Per pale or and vert cross recercelee Moline in trick  gules baston(sinister) sable John de Langton temp EIII 1327-1377 Langton shield 67
Jenyns Ordinary  in Some Feudal Coats. Re-cerkelee means recircled in other words a border or strip. This means the cross is voided of the field. However this adds a complication because the field itself is divided per pale. However it can’t be denied that the end result is very colourful.

 (William of Kilvrough had a son John and the dates fit but they are recorded using 3 lions)

Papworth has this under De Longeton no reference to the Moline in trick and with a bend sable as below

68 Party gold and vert a cross Moline gules overall a bend sable Sir Rauf Langton  Surtees Document Ashmole 834

Langton shield 68

(Document also says so blazoned for John de Langton in Jenyns ordinary contradicting 67)

69 Per pale argent and gules a cross double pommelled countercharged bendlet sable

Langton shield 69

70 As 62 Worcestershire Porcelain fired 1751-88 argent & mauve. Cross gules thin T junction ends

Langton shield 70

 

The Orle Staffordshire

Staffordshire is in the English Midlands surrounded by Shropshire, Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Warwickshire and Worcestershire. We have four (another one being processed expected soon) DNA sequences from the English Midlands, two from Haplogroup r including a very rare one and two samples from group i2a. If you want to know if this shield is part of your history you will need to get DNA tested. This shield is associated with the rare group r sample. In particular we need samples from Leicestershire, Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire, Northamptonshire and Cambridgeshire so if your name is Langton, Lenton, Langston, Laynton or Landon and you come from these areas get swabbed for your DNA. If you are a Langston, Landon, Langdon or similar from outside of the UK your name may have drifted in form and you may match one of these groups. Only a DNA sample will tell.

The Orle probably belongs to an independent group of Langtons in south east Staffordshire. It is also possible although far less likely that this shield may have been adopted by the junior or illegitimate branch of the Langtons in South East Staffordshire after the execution of Ralph Langton Baron of Walton after the Batttle of Shrewsbury in 1403. The orle is associated with Raffe. It is easy to understand why a Raffe Langton wouldn’t want to go round with 3 chevrons gules.  

71 Gules orle argent a bend gules(sable?) Sir Rauf Elford Staff 1419 Source?

Langton shield 71

72 Argent an eschuteon  (gules) within a bordure gules overall a bend sable Rauf de Langton ie same as above Papworth

Langton shield 72

73 Argent an eschuteon  (gules) within a bordure gules overall a bend ermine Papworth

Langton shield 73

74 Gules an orle argent a bend sable Raffe Langton Foster: Some Feudal Coats citing Jenyns Temp EIII 1327-77

Langton shield 74

75 Same design of orle with a bend Norton Church Durham. Said to be either John Lythegrenes or Ralph Langton according to Archaeologia Aelina Vol 15 1892. This looks like a guess (wrong).

Langton shield 75

 

Malveysin Shield (Staffordshire and Lancashire)

Staffordshire is in the English Midlands surrounded by Shropshire, Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Warwickshire and Worcestershire. We have four DNA sequences from the English Midlands (with another one in the pipeline), two from Haplogroup r including a very rare one and two samples from group i2a. If you want to know if this shield is part of your history you will need to get DNA tested. In particular we need samples from Leicestershire, Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire, Northamptonshire and Cambridgeshire so if your name is Langton, Lenton, Langston, Laynton or Landon and you come from these areas get swabbed for your DNA. If you are a Langston, Landon, Langdon or similar from outside of the UK your name may have drifted in form and you may match one of these groups. Only a DNA sample will tell.

 Lancashire is in the North West of England. We have three sequences of DNA from Lancashire from three different haplogroups j2, i2a1 and r. These shields relate to group j2. If you are a Langton or Longton from Lancashire you will need to get DNA tested to see if these shields are part of your history. If you are a Langston, Landon, Langdon or similar from outside of the UK your name may have drifted in form and you may match one of these groups. Only a DNA sample will tell.

81 Gules three bendlets argent Langton

Langton shield 81

This is attested as a twelfth century shield and the Langtons or a Langton must have had it late twelfth or thirteenth century. That leaves us with plenty of questions for this early shield. The attribution to Staffordshire as well as Lancashire is very interesting and it makes it the Staffordshire Langton shield. There were a lot of Mauveysins in Staffordshire and Shropshire. A lot of them seem to have died out. Don’t know if the surname survives in any forms today.

Heiresses of Malveysin marriedCawarden, Stanley, Langton, Chadwicke and Sewal  Henry de Manniesin (in pencil Malvoisin) Acre Roll Ms 1192A.D.  Henry Mauutsin Acre Roll Ms Harl  ms 6137. Robert Mawvestyn  Willements Roll 1392-7 A.D. from Newlings  Ms,  John Manveyson Jenyns Ordinary  within Ms 6589 1829 A.D. Monsire Mauveysin Jenyns Ordinary 1829 A.D. Papworth

The name may come from Mauvezin sur Gulespie south east of Bordeaux in Southern France or in the same region Mauvezin D’Armanac near Condom. Alternatively there is Boisy-Mauvoisin near Boulogne and Jouy Mauvoisin a small village between Rouen and Paris. Finally there is a Mauvoisin in southern Switzerland.  N.B. See 142

82 Gules 3 bendlets argent enhanced Mauveysin Papworth

Langton shield 82

Although this version is not attributed to LANGTON one suspects this is the more correct version of the shield. Enhanced means the positioning of the three bends is above the normal central positioning. One would think this means that the third bendlet starts at the top left corner of the shield or perhaps issues from the top of the shield with the other two bendlets crammed into the corner, the first bendlet being very short.

 

 

Bishop Walter of Lichfield, Coventry and Chester

Bishop Walter, Treasurer of England and 53rd richest man of all time, father of several sons was from Leicestershire in the English Midlands. It is surrounded by Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire, Cambridgeshire, Northamptonshire, Oxfordshire, Warwickshire, Worcestershire and Staffordshire. We have four DNA sequences from the English Midlands, two from Haplogroup r including a very rare one and two samples from group i2a. If you want to know if this shield is part of your history you will need to get DNA tested. This shield is associated with a group r sample. In particular we need samples from Leicestershire, Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire, Northamptonshire and Cambridgeshire so if your name is Langton, Lenton, Langston, Laynton or Landon and you come from these areas get swabbed for your DNA. If you are a Langston, Landon, Langdon or similar from outside of the UK your name may have drifted in form and you may match one of these groups. Only a DNA sample will tell.


91 Or a fesse azure and gules Papworth  Dugdale drawing from window in Lichfield Cathedral – or a fesse chequy azure and gules

Langton shield 91

92 Gules a fesse ar between 6 (another 9) crosses pattee or crosslet. Peverell Leicester Burke

Langton shield 92

93 Gules a fesse ar between 6 crosses patee or. Temp RI Egloshayle Cornwall Peverell  Burke

Langton shield 93

94 Ermine on a fesse azure 3 crosses Moline (pattee) or PAVELEY Paulerspury Northants Burke

Langton shield 94

95 Gules a fesse between 6 crosslets argent Papworth Robert Peche bishop of Lichfield 1121-1126 and Robert Peche Bishop of Lichfield 1161-1182

Langton shield 95

Although this shield was used later by the Peche family in London it may simply be the Lichfield Cathedral shield of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. Walter may have used it at first before going for the more colourful version. As we only know of Walter’s shield from a drawing of Dugdale it may be possible it had crosses that Dugdale missed.  If Walter adapted the Lichfield Cathedral shield what shield did he inherit from his father.  One possibility is that the local Peveral shield was vaire.  However another record suggests otherwise:

96 Goules, a les crusules patee de or e une fesse de argent. Moore Knights of Edward I Sir Robert Peverel of Ashby Castle brother of Bishop Walter.

Langton shield 96

97 Or 3 chevrons gules overall a crozier on a bend argent Glover Statford or Langthorne at Bogh Abbey.

Langton shield 97

98 Argent 3 chevrons gules a label of 3.

Langton shield 98

This is an allocation rather than an actual recording. However it is a fact that there is an ancient sculpture of three chevrons in a place sometimes historically called Stratford Langton together with an associated crest of a tun showing the pronunciation Langton for Langthorne.  Given Walter’s immense wealth and his relationship with John Langton of Newton in Makerfield (argent 3 chevron gules) it is possible that Walter used the three chevrons. If so the three pottery finds of three chevrons from this period in London are probably his.(See Thorn Heraldic Jugs of Forgotten Potteries p371-377 c1890) Further the seeming determination of Stratford Langthorne abbey to be pronounced Langton  and their adoption of the 3 chevrons is most likely an attempt to ingratiate themselves with Walter and he could easily have been their patron. This would explain the otherwise bizarre feature on their shield of a label of 3 (See photo Newham Art and History)  indicating an eldest son for such was Walter. His mistress who was most likely of Langton (Lincolnshire) descent lived just up the road in Essex.

 

 

Six Annulets

Essex is the eastern part of London and beyond. It is close to Suffolk, Hertfordshire, Buckinghamshire and Bedfordshire. We have three DNA samples from London and the South of England, two of which are haplogroup I and one is haplogroup j2a. To find out if you match any of these you will need to get swabbed. There has been considerable drifting of the form of surnames in London. If your family originally comes from London and your surname is Langton, Langston, Landon, Lenton, Lutton, Langthorn, Logsdon or Langhorn then please get DNA’d. If you are a Langston, Landon, Langdon or similar from outside of the UK your name may have drifted in form and you may match one of these groups. Only a DNA sample will tell.


101 Argent 6 annulets sable Langthorne Burke/Papworth/British Herald-Ironmongers guild stone nearby on west side of Leather Gardens has 6 annulets on a chevron granted in 1455. See 434

Langthorne shield 101

102 Argent 6 annulets sable 321 Langthon  Papworth ms1458

Langthon shield 102

103 Or 6 annulets sable 321 Langton Glover/Edmondson Burke/Papworth

Langton shield 103

104 Argent 6 cinquefoils gules 321 Langthorne (Beer butt in crest-tun indicating pronunciation as Langton) Burke (Glover and British Herald-ar 6 cinquefoils gules-Langthorne)

Langthorne shield 104

Langthorne is probably Stratford Langthorne Abbey West Ham. The crest indicates an attempt to pronounce this as Langton. Moreover the abbey adopted a coat of arms with three chevrons. Moreover this crest had a label of three indicating an eldest son see No 58. By any reckoning this is curious for an abbey. An explanation may be that Treasurer Walter Langton himself an eldest son had land and his mistress at West Thurrock and had to travel past the door to get to London. A judicious slight mispronunciation by the abbot might have brought some welcome patronage. It may be that the annulets were the original shield of the abbey dropped in favour of the three chevrons which have subsequently made it onto the shields of West Ham and Newham but mercifully not the football club which might have created a dilemma. See also article on the Langthornes

105 1 A G 6 cinquefoils Lascelles of Langthorn Jenyns unidentified TJ 1043* AS1

Langthorn shield 105

 

LANGTHORNE

Essex is the eastern part of London and beyond. It is close to Suffolk, Hertfordshire, Buckinghamshire and Bedfordshire. We have three DNA samples from London and the South of England, two of which are haplogroup I and one is haplogroup j2a. To find out if you match any of these you will need to get swabbed. There has been considerable drifting of the form of surnames in London. If your family originally comes from London and your surname is Langton, Langston, Landon, Lutton, Lenton, Langthorn or Langhorn then please get DNA’d. If you are a Langston, Landon, Langdon or similar from outside of the UK your name may have drifted in form and you may match one of these groups. Only a DNA sample will tell.

 

107 Or 3 chevron gules on coat of LANGTHORNE(TON) ABBEY West Ham Stratfords Free Art and History Romford Road Entrance to University of East London

Langthorne shield 107

108 Stone arms- 3 chevron- of Stratford Langthorne Abbey show shield of label of 3 indicating the shield of an eldest son and a crozier bendwise Door to the Old Court House Tramway Avenue.

Langthorne shield 108

The same is recorded tricked in Burke Or 3 chevrons gules overall a crozier in bend argent Burke Stratford or Langthorne at Bogh Abbey)

 

Langhorne

Bedfordshire is to the north west of London and beyond. It is close to Northamptonshire, Hertfordshire, Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire. We have three DNA samples from London and the South of England, two of which are haplogroup I and one is haplogroup j2a. To find out if you match any of these you will need to get swabbed. There has been considerable drifting of the form of surnames in London. If your family originally comes from these areas and your surname is Langton, Langston, Landon, Lutton, Lenton, Langthorn, Logsdon or Langhorn then please get DNA’d. If you are a Langston, Landon, Langdon or similar from outside of the UK your name may have drifted in form and you may match one of these groups. Only a DNA sample will tell.

 

109 Sable a cross argent. On a chief of the second three bugle horns of the field stringed gules. LANGHORN or LANGHORNE Co Bedford granted 20 Jan 1610. Burke. Also same arms LANGHORNE London baronet extinct 1714 Burke

Langthorne shield 109

110 Sable on a cross argent 5 fleur de Lys gules. On a chief of the second 3 buglehorns of the field stringed of the third.  LANHORNE Burke London See also 191-195

Lanhorne shield 110

Robson British Herald addendum supplies info: LANGHORNE Created Baronet No 793 28 Aug 1668

 

3 Cinquefoils Bishop John Langton of St David’s Wales

John Langton was chancellor of Cambridge University where he has descendants. He was originally from Leicestershire. Cambridgeshire is in the English Midlands surrounded by Lincolnshire, Norfolk, Suffolk, Essex, Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire. Leicestershire is surrounded by Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire, Cambridgeshire, Northamptonshire, Oxfordshire, Warwickshire, Worcestershire and Staffordshire. We have four DNA sequences from the English Midlands, two from Haplogroup r including a very rare one and two samples from group i2a. If you want to know if this shield is part of your history you will need to get DNA tested. This shield is associated with a group r sample. In particular we need samples from Leicestershire, Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire, Northamptonshire and Cambridgeshire so if your name is Langton, Lenton, Langston, Laynton or Landon and you come from these areas or from Wales get swabbed for your DNA. If you are a Langston, Landon, Langdon or similar from outside of the UK your name may have drifted in form and you may match one of these groups. Only a DNA sample will tell.

 

111 Gules a chevron argent tween 3 cinquefoils argent Bishop John Langton of St Davids 1447 Papworth Add Ms 12443

Langton shield 111

112 Argent a chevron gules tween 3 cinquefoils gules Langton or Langham Berry appendix Burke

Langton shield 112

113 Argent a chevron sable tween 3 cinquefoils sable- shield of St David

Langton shield 113

 

Langtonwick Arms attributed to Berkshire

Berkshire is a county in the south of England to the west of London. It is surrounded by Wiltshire, Oxfordshire, Hertfordshire, Surrey, Hampshire and Dorset.  We have three DNA samples from London and the South of England, two of which are haplogroup I and one is haplogroup j2a. To find out if you match any of these you will need to get swabbed. There has been considerable drifting of the form of surnames in London. If your family originally comes from these area or Berkshire and your surname is Langton, Langston, Langstone, Landon, Lenton, Langthorn or Langhorn then please get DNA’d. If you are a Langston, Landon, Langdon or similar from outside of the UK your name may have drifted in form and you may match one of these groups. Only a DNA sample will tell.

 Langtonwick Berkshire is referred to by British Herald, Papworth and Burke.

120 Quarterly or and gules a bend sable Langton Langtonwick, Berks, Glover/Edmondson 1780

Langton shield 120

Wiltshire  Archeological and Natural History Magazine Vol 4 1858-

 both described as ‘quarterly or and gules a bend sable’ -  John Langton senior Easton Peyrce 1618 Also owned Brokenborough and Thornhill Grange in Westport St Mary

W.N.Clarke Parachial Topography of the Hundred of Wanting 1824 p30 Under the heading Arms of Families whose Pedigrees occur in the visitation of 1664-5 only.

LANGTON Quarterly or and gules a bend sable

Clarke ascribes a place name to nearly all these families Langton is one of the few exceptions with none. However his reference to pedigrees in the 1664-5 visitation suggests he is thinking of the Shrivenham Langtons who we believe used sable/or. Either they did use or/gules or Clarke was familiar with the Langton or/gules shield. Perhaps he knew where Langtonwick was. It is probably more than a coincidence that the two latest and independent references to or/gules are both in Berkshire where that shield had never been recorded before. The citations may well be based on Glover/Edmondson’s publication of 1780

Quarterly or and gules a bend sable Langtonwick Berks British Herald 1830

 Burke Quarterly or and gules a bend sable

Langtonwick might be Langdonwick near Marlborough Wiltshire or Langtons near Sharnbrook Bedfordshire. There is another Langdonwick in East London.  So if you are a Langton, Langdon, Landon or Langston from Wiltshire, London, Bedfordshire or Northamptonshire read the DNA article.

                       

Archbishop Stephen Langton Per Pale Arms (Cardinal)

Cardinal Stephen Langton, hero of the Magna Charta was born in Langton by Horncastle, Lincolnshire and had descendants who are more likely to live in Yorkshire, Essex, Hertfordshire, Bedfordshire or Northamptonshire. There has been considerable drifting of the form of surnames. If your family originally comes from these areas and your surname is Langton, Langston, Landon, Lunnon, Lenton, Langthorn, Logsdon or Langhorn then please get DNA’d. If you are from outside the U. K. and you believe you might be a descendant of Stephen Langton send in your DNA.

  

121 Furled per pale sable and or a bend argent surmounted by a cardinals hat. Painted window in the Sorbonne Paris.

Langton shield 121

Charles Langton p23 records:” in the British Museum …a copy of a stained glass window in the College of the Sarbonne of which Langton was a doctor depicting….arms surmounted by a Cardinals hat”

 

Archbishop Stephen Langton Per Pale Arms  Paris University Shield

Archbishop Stephen Langton, hero of the Magna Charta was born in Langton by Wragby Lincolnshire and had descendants who are more likely to live in Yorkshire, Essex, Hertfordshire, Bedfordshire or Northamptonshire. There has been considerable drifting of the form of surnames. If your family originally comes from these areas and your surname is Langton, Langston, Landon, Lunnon, Lenton, Langthorn, Logsdon or Langhorn then please get DNA’d. If you are from outside the U. K. and you believe you might be a descendant of Stephen Langton send in your DNA.


122 Per pale azure and gules a bend or
Berry  Papworth. This same shield is also attributed to Stephen's brother Simon Langton, who was Archbishop of York in 1215 at the sealing of Magna Carta. A variation is still in use today by the Simon Langton Grammar School.

Langton shield 122

Per Pale azure and gules a bend or Hasted Historical and Topographical Survey of Kent Vol 12 1801 quoting Archbishop Parker.


123 Per pale azure and gules a bend argent (wrongly recorded)
Burke

Langton shield 123

 

The Pierced Cross attributed to Stephen Langton

Archbishop Stephen Langton, hero of the Magna Charta was born in Langton by Wragby Lincolnshire and had descendants who are more likely to live in Yorkshire, Essex, Hertfordshire, Bedfordshire or Northamptonshire. There has been considerable drifting of the form of surnames. If your family originally comes from these areas and your surname is Langton, Langston, Landon, Lunnon, Lenton, Langthorn or Langhorn then please get DNA’d. If you are from outside the U. K. and you believe you might be a descendant of Stephen Langton send in your DNA.


124 Argent a cross gules pierced quarterly of the field
Historical Essay on Magna Charta p29

Langton shield 124

 

Archbishop Stephen Langton Quarterly Arms

Archbishop Stephen Langton, hero of the Magna Charta was born in Langton by Wragby Lincolnshire and had descendants who are more likely to live in Yorkshire, Essex, Hertfordshire, Bedfordshire or Northamptonshire. There has been considerable drifting of the form of surnames. If your family originally comes from these areas and your surname is Langton, Langston, Landon, Lunnon, Lenton, Langthorn, Logsdon or Langhorn then please get DNA’d. If you are from outside the U. K. and you believe you might be a descendant of Stephen Langton send in your DNA.


125 Quarterly gules and or a bend argent Archbishop Stephen Langton
Papworth Quarterly gules and or a bend argentHasted: Historical and Topographical Survey of Kent Vol 12 1801 and

Langton shield 125

Naylor: Collection of Coats Arms …Gloucester  1792  Iron Acton Glos

 

 

Lincolnshire Quartered (Langton by Spilsby)

Lincolnshire is in the eastern part of England. To the north is the giant county of Yorkshire, to the west is Nottinghamshire and to the south Cambridgeshire. There were at least two and possibly three Langton families from Lincolnshire as well as a Landon / Landen one. These shields are associated with the group i DNA from Langton by Spilsby. If your name is Langton, Lenton or Landon and you come from these areas send in your DNA. A further separate family of Langtons originate from Nottinghamshire. If you are a Langton from Nottinghamshire or Derbyshire be the first to record this missing sequence of DNA that dates back to the time of Henry III in 1250. If you are a Langston, Landon, Langdon or similar from outside of the UK your name may have drifted in form and you may match one of these groups. Only a DNA sample will tell.

 The Langton by Spilsby/Partney arms are quarterly sable and or, black and gold. The evidence for the reverse or and sable is very thin. The earliest recording is Bishop John Langton 1447 or/sable bend sable see No 148 below but the evidence as to his origin strongly points to Leicester where he was the rector of West Langton. It may be that he was using a quarterly version of archbishop Stephen Langton’s cardinal shield No 92. The oldest Lincoln or/sable shield is the baston shield of the unidentified J Langton Lincs reported in Surtees Ashmole 834 See No 154 below –but I’m not sure of the date or when the ascription was made. The later emphasis on ‘dexter bend’ is to assert legitimacy and dissociate from this entry.  Finally there is the 1716 entry in the Alphabetical Dictionary Papworth/Morant directly contradicted within the same volume. It is possible that this shield never existed but is simply Morant’s correction of sable/or perhaps inspired by later heralds rules that a metal must always come first in any quartering.  However the earliest recording of the shield is black and white with a gold bend which both sounds primitive and has the same colouring as the paly of 6 shield.

139 Quarterly sa and arg a bend or Gervase Holles description of the glass in the west window of the old Langton by Spilsby church for burial of Elizabeth Langton d1523

Langton shield 139

140 Quarterly sable & or, bend argent 1562 Lincs visitation,  President William Langtons Memorial in Magdalen College Oxford 1626,  1599 James, 1664 Berks visitation, c1698 Membury Church , Commentary on Ashmole 834 citing Glovers Ordinary (Edmondson) 1780, Langton of Langton LincsPapworth citing Glover but declaring it a mistake (strictly speaking this is towards the back of Papworth produced by Morant after Papworth’s death),  1762 Ravensthorpe Church tomb of Thomas Langton of Teeton Sheriff of Northamptonshire 1762, Teeton  Glovers Ordinary  Robson/British Herald 1830 (Adds-‘Crest a greyhound’s head couped, collared, and chained…..’( London and Lincs Crest an eagle or and wyvern vert interwoven, erect on tails 1780  Glover/ Edmondson)

Langton shield 140

141 Quarterly or and sable a bend dexter argent Co Lincoln 1716 Papworth in section edited by Morant

Langton shield 141

142 Quarterly azure and argent a bend or Glover Notts 1614  (and Langstone This is the only Langstone arms-Robert Langstone- and different from Langston-Papworth has two entries citing Glover a bend which he says is incorrect and a bendlet)

Langton shield 142

143 (Quarterly argent and azure a bend or LONSTON Robson British Herald)

Langton shield 143

144 Quarterly or and sable a baston (sinister)  gules J Langton of Lincolnshire Surtees document Ashmole 834

Langton shield 144

This is not necessarily to be identified with Sir John Langton knighted in 1603

145 Quarterly azure and or a baston gules (sinister) gules Robert Langton Two Tudor Coats of Arms 6163

Langton shield 145

146 Quarterly sable and argent a bend or Langton Church Lincolnshire 1524 Rev J. H. Hill quoting Gervase Holles in paper read to the Leicestershire Archeological Society and secondly Prestwold church 1631

Langton shield 146

147 Quarterly sable and argent a bend argent York  Comment on Ashmole 834 citing Glover  Papworth quoting Glover

Langton shield 147

148 Quarterly or and sable a bend sable John Bishop of St Davids 1447 Cole Ms. Add Ms 5798

Langton shield 148

149 Quarterly sable and or a bend or LancsBritish Herald[ Lanc; Ex. Coll. Armor.]

Langton shield 149

150 Quarterly sable and or a bend argent charged with an escutcheon argent Middlesex Pedigrees Barnard Langton  or Quarterly over all a bend sable charged with an escutcheon (untinctured) Oxford Visitation 1634  Roland Lacy of Shipton under Whichwood High Sheriff of Oxfordshire 1623 was the son of Ellenor Langton sole heiress of Barnard Langton. As the Lacy arms are quarterly, this 2nd and 3rd quarter looks like the arms of Bernard with a Lincolnshire origin. The Lacy’s were originally from Northumberland

Langton shield 150

151 Quartered; First quarterly or and  sable. Second or fretty azure  on a canton gules, a cross molyn. Third sable four falcons (2 & 2) sergeant, argent. Fourth as first. Wood The history and antiquities vol 3 Memorial to President William Langton of Magdalen 1626 GUL LANGTON AGRO LINCOLNIENSI VILLA COGNOMINI

Langton shield 151

 Quartered; First quarterly sable and or overall a bend argent. Second or fretty azure (Wood adds on a canton gules, a cross molyn or but this is not shown.) Third sable four falcons Volant or (2 & 2) argent (Wood says possibly Lincolnshire family of Mure) Fourth as first.

Another source describing the same monument describes the first quarter as or and sable with a crescent in chief and makes no mention of the bend. Moreover he claims his tinctures came from Wood.

Register of the Members of St Mary Magdalen Oxford Vol 8

152 Augustus Wenman Langton of Argentina  sable/or a bend argent with a five pointed star on the top left Privately held document

Langton shield 125

153  Quarterly sable and gules a bend argent. Some Account of the Worshipful Company of Ironmongers 1851 Thomas Langton son of Daniel Langton of Wandsworth grandson of Ralph Langton of Maidenhead

Langton shield 153

Peregrine Langton’s Complex shield

Peregrine Langton took on the name Messingberd and took on the Messingberd shield.

155 Quarterly azure 1 & 4 3 quatrefoils (2 & 1) and in chief a boar passant or charged on the shoulder with a cross patee gules 2 & 3 quarterly or and argent on a cross humetee gules between four lions ramp sable. 2 escallops of the first John Burke A Geneological and Heraldic History of the Commoners Vol 3 

Langton shield 155

156 Azure 3 trefoils slipped or in chief a boar of the 2nd charged with a fleur de lys  gu Burke Encyclopaedia

If you are a Messingberd of Langton descent please send in your DNA.


157 Per chevron sable and or, in chief two eagles rising gold. Bennet Langton of Langton by Spilsby, Linolnshire.


Barry of 6

160 Barry of 6 or and gules a bend argent Langton possibly  William  of Rotherfield II shield Glover Edmondson Burke Papworth

Langton shield 160

 

NB Langford shields. Langford shields look like a borrowing from and development of the Langton Barry shield. A number are listed in Glover/Edmondson. Langford Derbys Notts and Salop paly of 6 or and gu a bend arg is clearly very close and geographically close to Lincoln/Yorkshire. Other Langford shields tend to be Paly of 6 arg and gu often dropping the bend sometimes in favour of a lion passant in chief. Mullets and eagles also get added and one Langford shield is simply quarterly gules and argent.

The Oldest from the time of Henry II in Lincolnshire

Lincolnshire is in the eastern part of England. To the north is the giant county of Yorkshire, to the west is Nottinghamshire and to the south Cambridgeshire. There were at least two and possibly three Langton families from Lincolnshire as well as a Landon / Landen one. This shield is probably from Langton by Horncastle. If your name is Langton, Lenton or Landon and you come from these areas send in your DNA. A further separate family of Langtons originate from Nottinghamshire. If you are a Langton from Nottinghamshire or Derbyshire be the first to record this missing sequence of DNA that dates back to the time of Henry III in 1250. If you are a Langston, Landon, Langdon or similar from outside of the UK your name may have drifted in form and you may match one of these groups. Only a DNA sample will tell.

 

171 Paly of 6 argent and sable a bend or Langton Lincs temp HII Some Feudal Coats / Shirley

Langton shield 171

The shield is attributed to temp HII 1154-1189 which makes it very old. One is tempted to consider this a misreading for HIII 1216-1272 but there is no evidence for this. It is recorded as very old and looks very old. The obvious conclusion is that this is the shield of Stephen Langton’s father Henry. The discovery of Stephen Langtons Sorbonne shield strengthens the view that this shield belongs to Stephen Langtons family and not the Langton families at Spilsby or Horncastle

 

 

Nottinghamshire and Staffordshire Reassigned Shields

There are shields in a small area of north of Nottingham which follow the unusual format of Langton shield 171 Paly of 6 a bend…A further development of this shield is the description of three piles, effectively a barry of 7 with points. Greys (see 170) and Langtons occur in the same area. Church windows in Hucknall, Nottinghamshire give shields of related families which Thoroton in his history of Nottinghamshire vol 2 ascribed to families of his day. However there are grounds for reassigning two of them to Langton with their variations. Nos 174-7

174 Paly of 6 argent and azure a bend gules. Hucknall Church  Previously ascribed to Annesley who took their name from the next village to Langton Hall in Kirkby by Ashfield. Notably the colours are Grey colours. Now reassigned to Langton of Kirkby by Ashfield.  It seems eventually to have become a annesley shield. The Langtons are using grey colours the greys in nearby Sandiacre are using Langton colours.

Langton shield 174

175 Paly of 6 argent and azure a bend vary or and gules. Hucknall Church Here the Langton colours are included in the bend

Langton shield 175

176 Paly of 6 argent and azure a bend gules charged at the top end with a mullet of the first. Hucknall Church

Langton shield 176

177 Paly of 6 or and gules a bend ermine. Formerly ascribed in Papworth to Drayton of Drayton Bassett Staffs but this is the next village to the Middleton land holding of Cuthbert Langton. Now ascribed to Langton of Middleton.Note its similarity to no 160

Langton shield 177

178 Paly of 6 argent and sable a bend ermine Draycote of Loscoe (village next to Codnor) &Draycott of Draycott Staffs. Papworth The latter is simple theft from the one above

Langton shield 178

179 Or 3 piles meeting in the base Gules a canton ermine. Hucknall church Bassett of Drayton Bassett Staffs next to Middleton. Note the adoption of the Langton colours and the modification of the Paly of 6 to 3 piles.

Langton shield 179

Other shields are simply thefts of the Langton one due to a similar name or a Langton connection Langford, Longford, Lamford, Lambford, Langdale.

180 Paly of 6 argent and azure a bend gules Langford of Sutton in Ashfield next to Kirkby in Ashfield. Other similar names using the design are

Langton shield 180

181 Paly of 6 argent and azure a mullet for difference  Strelley of West Langton Leicestershire

Langton shield 181
182 Paly of 6 argent and sable Strelley of Nottinghamshire

Langton shield 182

183 Paly of 6 or and gu a bend sa Papworth Earl of Huntingdon probably St Liz. The Lincolnshire Langtons may have been related to St Liz

Langton shield 183

 

 

Newcastle Eagles

Newcastle is a large city in the far north east of England.  In the past Langtons have been mayors of Newcastle. Their origins could be from the Langton / Lanton villages on the Scottish borders or from Langton in County Durham.  There were three places called Langton / Lanton along the border and at least two of them gave rise to the surname Langton. However particularly in Scotland in Roxburgh, Selkirk and Peebles the name has drifted to Lanton or Linton. So if your surname is Langton, Lanton or Linton  send in your DNA. The same applies if you are a Langton, Langthorne, Longhorn or Langhorne from Newcastle, County Durham or the North Riding of Yorkshire or Hull and Spurnhead. If you are a Langston, Landon, Langdon or similar from outside of the UK your name may have drifted in form. Send in your DNA results.

188 Or a chevron sable between 3 eagles displayed sable Newcastle Roll recorded as ancient and also as Langton of Langton

Langton shield 188

The person who is recorded as being of Langton is Martin of Langeton in 1206 and whilst he may be the progenitor the recording of the roll was post Cromwell i.e. after 1660 which suggests more recent Langtons. The most obvious candidates are John Langton baker senior and his sons John a baker and William a goldsmith c 1515. Another candidate is Mayor and Sheriff William Langton c 1408 but his name occurs in association with a William Redmarshall (possibly an illegitimate Langton or a younger propertyless son) and so he looks like a Wynyard Langton and there is a William that fits well.

 

Yorkshire Lions

Yorkshire is a giant county the largest in England situated on the east coast. To the north is Durham to the West is Lancashire which contains Manchester and Liverpool. To the south are Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire and Lincolnshire. We have five DNA sequences in this area including the sequence of the Langton Mayors of York. Besides Yorkshire there is in neighbouring Nottinghamshire /Derbyshire a seemingly separate group of Langtons for which we await the first person to come forward with their DNA. If you think your origins are within Yorkshire and the surrounding areas you will need to get DNA tested to find out which Langton village you originate from. There has been name drift within this area so if you have any of the following surnames you may wish to get DNA tested to see if you have DNA in common with the Langtons: Linton, Lanton, Langthorn, Langhorne, Longhorn, Longbones and Longsden /Longsdon /Longdon / Longden. If you are a Langston, Landon, Langdon or similar from outside of the UK your name may have drifted in form and you may match one of these groups. Only a DNA sample will tell.

  190 Gules a chevron argent between 3 lions ramp or temp HVI Arundel Roll/Some Feudal Glover/Edmondson Burke Encyclopaedia. Also Papworth  Archaeologia Aelina 1908

Langton shield 190

191 Gules a chevron ermine between 3 lions rampant gold. Sir John Langton. Ashmole 834 An annotated blazon of the shields of arms tricked on folios 41-64 of Division IV. Adds: Blazoned in the military roll of Henry VI for Langton (?) a Yorkshire Knight. See FVY(Flower Visitation Yorkshire) 402  Archaeologia Aelina 3/3 1908 Military roll of Henry VI for Langton with lions gold.

Langton shield 191

…rampant or Farnley and Huddleston Co YorkBerry appendix

 

192 Gules a chevron erm tween 3 lions ramp or those in chief facing (respectant) Two Tudor 2169The arms are said to be defaced perhaps a mistake for defamed. One suggestion is the lions tail is missing but the most likely one is that the lion is defamed from the rampant position and faces the wrong way i.e. respectant.

Langton shield 192

193 Gules a chevron ermine tween 3 lions ramp or armed and langued azure Ferneley Papworth

Langton shield 193

194 Gules a chevron between 3 lions silver with azure tongues See Thoresby’s Leeds 200 and Plantagenet Harrison Yorkshire 444 Archaeologia Aeliana 3/3 1908 A 16th Century North Country Book of Arms Philips MS 4298

Langton shield 194

195 Gules a chevron ermine tween 3 lions ramp argent Sir John of Fernley Papworth Glover / Edmondson  Gloucestershire Visitation 1623 pps  271,  273  & 278

Langton shield 195

196 Chevron ermine with silver lions(41 Surtees Society publication VII) Langton of Huddleston Constables Roll cited In A Sixteenth Century Book of Northern Arms

Langton shield 196

197 Azure a chevron ermine tween 3 lions ramp or Huddleston H VI Burke

Langton shield 197

198 Sable a chevron between three lions ramp argent Caverley Yorks

Langton shield 198

199 Gules a chevron counterermine between 3 lions rampant or. Shield of Dawkin Langton. Subsequently became the shield of the Dawkins.

Langton shield 199

200 Gules a chevron argent between 3 lions ramp or Dawkin Annals and Antiquities Nicholas

Langton shield 200

 

Two Fleur-De-Lys in Chief Bishop John De Langeton Chichester

Despite being Chancellor, keeper of the Great Seal and in public service in church and state for over 50 years, John De Langeton continues to prove very elusive and that includes his origins. He was Bishop of Chichester on the South Coast of England 1305-1337. He had at least three sons or grandsons in the Chichester, Sussex area. So if you are a Langton, Langston or Landon from Sussex, Hampshire, surrey, Kent or London you might be descended from the great man. Please read the DNA article.

This is a unique design occurring nowhere else. Three images fit more neatly at the top of the shield or the chief is coloured differently from the rest of the field if it contains but two items. The two f-d-l may represent John’s two Cathedrals of Ely and Chichester

205 Azure 2 fleur de Lys in chief or John de Langeton Bishop of Chichester Papworth

Langton shield 205

206 Gules 2 fleur de Lys in chief Rotherfield ermine Papworth

Langton shield 206

207 Gules 3 fleur de Lys in chief ermine Rotherfield Burke

Langton shield 207

Adam de Rotherfield roll Richard II Not to be confused with Adam de Rotherfield in 1234/5

 

Bishop Thomas of Winchester Salisbury St Davids and Canterbury Elect

 Bishop Thomas was from Langton in Westmorland in the rural far west of England. The area used to consist of Cumberland, Westmorland and North Lancashire. Much of this area is now called Cumbria. Langton was an important settlement until destroyed by the Scots, since when it has been superseded By Appleby. The destruction of Langton may have caused the surname to become very unstable. Langton rarely occurs in this area but it is the main area for Langthorne, Langhorn, Longhorn, Langhorne etc despite there being no nearby settlements of that name. So if you have any of those names consider a DNA test because maybe you descend from Bishop Thomas. The bishoprics Thomas held were largely in the south of England and he had at least one son. So if you are from Wiltshire, Dorset, Berkshire or Hampshire and are called Langton, Langston or Landon have a look at the DNA project. If you are a Langston, Landon, Langdon or similar from outside of the UK your name may have drifted in form and you may match one of these groups. Only a DNA sample will tell.

 211 Or  on a cross quarterly azure and gules 5 roses argent Bishop Thomas Burke and Winchester Cathedral Ceiling. Papworth quoting Withie’s additions to Glover Coton Tiberius D10 fol 863                                                                                           Or on a cross party per cross azure and gules 5 roses argent Berry appendix                                    Or on a cross party per cross 5 roses argent British Herald

212 Or on a cross quarterly azure and gules 5 roses of the first (or) LANGTON Papworth

Langton shield 212

213 Or on a cross per pale azure and gules 5 roses argent Papworth citing Withie’s additions to Glover

Langton shield 213

214 Or on a cross per pale argent and gules 5 roses counterpaled azure and gules add ms12443 (In error-Papworth)

Langton shield 214

215 Or on a cross quarterly azure and gules 5 plates Thomas Langton Papworth

Langton shield 215

216 Or on a cross quarterly azure and gules 5 roses argent with a centre or. Winchester Cathedral

Langton shield 216

217 The arms of Winchester Cathedral impaling the Langton arms Winchester Cathedral

Langton shield 217

218 The arms of Salisbury Cathedral impaling the Langton arms Winchester Cathedral

Langton shield 218

219 Three leopards in a bordure charged with crosses formy fitchy impaling Langton the whole within a garter. Thomas was Chancellor and Prelate to the order of the garter  Winchester Cathedral

Langton shield 219

 

Robert Langton’s Fret Shields at Queens College Oxford

Robert like his father Thomas was a patron of Queens College Oxford. Bishop Thomas was from Langton in Westmorland in the rural far west of England. The area used to consist of Cumberland, Westmorland and North Lancashire. Much of this area is now called Cumbria. Langton was an important settlement until destroyed by the Scots, since when it has been superseded By Appleby. The destruction of Langton may have caused the surname to become very unstable. Langton rarely occurs in this area but it is the main area for Langthorne, Langhorn, Longhorn, Langhorne etc despite there being no nearby settlements of that name. So if you have any of those names consider a DNA test because maybe you descend from Bishop Thomas. The bishoprics Thomas held were largely in the south of England and he had at least one son. So if you are from Wiltshire, Dorset, Berkshire or Hampshire and are called Langton, Langston or Landon have a look at the DNA project. If you are a Langston, Landon, Langdon or similar from outside of the UK your name may have drifted in form and you may match one of these groups. Only a DNA sample will tell.

 221 Argent a fret gules, a chief gules Magrath The Queens College Vol II 1921

Langton shield 221

222 Argent a fret gules, a chief gules and in centre of fret a tun with R on it Magrath The Queens College Vol II 1921

Langton shield 222

Wood in his work on Oxford University colleges describes Robert Langton’s shield at Queens College as ‘confused’

 

 

Cameleons and Lizards

231 Argent a chevron sable between 3 lizards vert LangtonGlover/Edmondson Burke Papworth This could be a mistake for Langdon see 223 below

Langton shield 231

232 Argent a chevron sable between 3 cameleons vert LANDON Glover Burke

Langton shield 232

233 Argent a chevron sable between 3 lizards heads sable LANGDON of Keverell Burke The Langdon’s land was the Lizard Peninsula in Cornwall the southern point of which is Lizard Head. The connection with the above shields seems therefore to be a coincidence.

Langton shield 233

 

The Chesham Langton Shield and the Purleigh ‘Langton’ shield

Chesham is in Buckinghamshire north of London, Purleigh is in Essex to the East of London. If you are from London, Buckinghamshire, Hertfordshire, Berkshire, Bedfordshire or Essex and have the names Langton, Landon, Landen, Langston Langhorne, Logsdon or Langthorne consider a DNA test you may find this shield belongs to you. We have the DNA that relates to this shield and three more sequences from the south of England.

241 Gyronny of eight or and azure an inescutcheon argent.                                       (Most likely form of the Chesham Langton shield)

Langton shield 241

The gyronny of 8 or and azure was originally the Brianzon shield and the Brianzons had land in Chesham. Bishop Walter fathered the Briazon boys and most of the property went to eldest son William. Chesham didn’t go to William but went to someone else. It’s pretty clear that the Brianzon son who inherited Chesham changed his name back to Langton but kept the Brianzon gyronny. This means the Brianzon gyronny in some form was a Langton shield until the name corrupted to Landon. By the time it is known as a Landon shield it has a central inescutcheon argent and the gyronny has changed from argent and azure to or and azure. This could have been late or early. I’d guess these changes happened at the same time. If not the colours had to change first and then the inescutcheon added, otherwise it would have had argent on argent which is unlikely. The main line of William seems to have died out but after the demise of that line there were still Brianzons in Purleigh using the gyronny (of 12) but with a bend on top reminiscent of Lincolnshire Langton shields. The Giles who used this shield may have been of the same line as the Chesham Langtons and the incongruous bend over the gyronny may later have been replaced by the smaller symmetrical inescutcheon. (This seems unlikely as it would need a gyronny change from 8 to 12 then back to 8. So the Langton shield may have been:

i)                   Gyronny of 8 argent and azure-the same as Brianzon

ii)                 Gyronny of 8 or 12 argent and azure a bend or

iii)               Gyronny of 8 or 12 or and azure a bend argent

iv)               Gyronny of 8 or and azure an inescutcheon argent

v)                 Gyronny of 8 or and azure

It seems appropriate to guess at Gyronny of 8 or and azure an inescutcheon argent as the Langton shield used in Chesham from the time of Walter’s death in about 1322 with the name drifting to Landon.

The Crest is both given as a lion emerging from its den in an awful bit of canting Lion-den and as a lizard.

242 Gyronny of 12 pieces with a bend over all. Royal Commission on Historical monuments Essex SE Purleigh All Saints. The nave…. Octagonal columns, Below the capitals of the easternmost pier are carved the shields of the arms of BRIANZON gyronny of 12 pieces with a bend overall, both mutilated. A similar description occurs in the Purleigh  Church Guide By Rev Betteson

Langton shield 242

This is the shield used by Giles Brianson which he seems to have langtonised added the Langton bend of his grandmother/great grandmother. Of course this could have been added a generation or two before. I guess it counts as the Purleigh secret Langton shield. He must surely have known he was a Langton not least because his cousins in Chesham were calling themselves Langton/Landon.

1947 church window shows arms of Giles de Breanson(d 1363)

243 Gyronny of 12 azure and argent a bend gules.

Langton shield 243

 However there is nothing to support the ascription of gules to the bend, it was in all likelihood or (gold) following previous Lincolnshire Langton bends. Walter’s mistress Joan seems to be of Langton descent Lincolnshire/Essex.  It should be noted what a bizarre design this is, obscuring the central point of the gyronny. There is only one parallel sable and or bend gules LAND which looks late and may be a copy.

 The original Brianzon shield seems to be as below:

244 Gyronny of 8 azure and argent Bryanson, Bartholomew de Briancon

Langton shield 244

Papworth givesgyronny of 8 argent and azure Sire Johan de Briaunsoun. Also Gyronny of 12 argent and azure Brianton or Beranton, Gyronny of 12 azure and argent Bartholomew de Brianton Acre roll 1192. However Timms illustrating the shield from Dering, Camden, Heralds and Charles rolls always shows a gyronny of eight.        

See also 412

Other Landon Shields

Landon is a related name to Langton. The situation with Landon is however rather complex. It doesn’t seem to be an independent claim; in some cases it derives from Langton, in some cases it derives from Langdon, one group derive from Lincolnshire see below, other Landons seem to derive from a Flemish church in London. Some Landons in America seem to come from France but other claims of French descent are speculative. Have a read of the DNA project.

245 Argent a chevron sable

Langton shield 245

246 Or a chevron sable tween 3 bustards vert Burke This may be the Lincolnshire Landens

Langton shield 246

Union of Honour Shield

This family was sometimes called Langton some times Llanden and sometimes Landon. They come from Danby in Lincolnshire next to Langton by Spilby and are genetic Langtons possibly with descendants in London.

251 Gules a lion ramp or a canton per bend sinister ermine and sable Sir Philip Langton(Landon)  Union of honour description LANDEN according to Burke Co Lincoln 1641

252 As above but ermine and erminois on canton History of Parish of Partney-This description is to be preferred. Therefore Co Lincoln 1641

 

The Silver Eagle

261 Gules an eagle displayed argent British Herald addendum

The fact that this occurs in the addendum suggests that it was in use in Robson’s time 1830, but where? The book was published in Sunderland. The fact that in the addendum of the 6 new entries two seem to have a common source [Ex. Coll.Armor.], one is the late modern arms shield of Lincoln, whilst the other two are local north east shields with almost duplicate entries, it seems more likely than not that the silver eagle was a shield local to the north east that Robson was familiar with. This may explain why no locality is given.

262 Gules an eagle displayed argent in chief argent 3 roses gules. Linton Scotland Burke but I found this on zazzle which is usually accurate for Lenton presumably there is some relationship between these two. The answer looks as if it is located in the North of England/Borders in Scotland and presumably involves Linton and perhaps Lanton and Lenton. A further puzzle is why Burke and Papworth don’t list it, in contrast to their listing of the Saltire below, perhaps they didn’t read the Addendum!

The Saltire

265 Or a saltire gules British Herald, Berry Appendix Papworth and Burke

266 Argent a saltire gules Sir Richard Neville of Hornby Lincolnshire through whom the lands of Fernley came to the Langtons History of Craven p11 Skipton Castle

 

Poland John

271 Azure 2 palets engr between 3 f-d-l in chief or Langton of Stanton/Stanmore Middlesex Registered 7 Dec 1577 Glover/Edmondson

272 Azure two pales engr. and in chief 3 fleur-de-lis, or. British Herald Addendum [Heref.; Ex. Coll. Armor]

273 Sable three fleur-de-Lys or 2 in chief one in base between two bars engrailed argent  GORSUCH/HIL(L)SON

274 Azure 3 fleur-de-lys argent between 2 wavy pales LANGSTON Worcester Burke

The Brave Lion of Wynyard County Durham and Berwick

County Durham is in the North East of England to the north of the giant county Yorkshire. Further north still is Northumberland with the city of Newcastle upon Tyne and the northernmost town Berwick which is in England although Berwickshire is in Scotland. The Durham Langtons originated from around Middlesborough and Darlington but they spread to Newcastle and up to Berwick and the Scottish borders.

There were three places called Langton / Lanton along the border and at least two of them gave rise to the surname Langton. However particularly in Scotland in Roxburgh, Selkirk and Peebles the name has drifted to Lanton or Linton. So if your surname is Langton, Lanton or Linton and you come from the borders send in your DNA.

If you are from Newcastle or Northumberland and you are a Langton you are an endangered species-get tested. The same applies if you are a Langton, Langthorne, Longhorn or Langhorne from County Durham or the North Riding of Yorkshire or Hull and Spurnhead. If you are a Langston, Landon, Langdon or similar from outside of the UK your name may have drifted in form. Send in your DNA results.

 

The lion originally belonged to the Lisle family in some form. The Langtons had a double inheritance through the Lisles firstly when Alan Langton inherited Grindon and Redmarshall through his wife c1305 and then their son John was heir to his uncle John Lisle about 1340. This is probably when the Langtons adopted/inherited the Lion shield. 

276 Argent a lion ramp sable vulned proper on the shoulder sable, bordure gules Jenyn’s Roll Thomas Langton Wingarde Temp EII 1307-1327 quoted in Some Feudal Coats. Also cited by The Antiquity 1880.

277 Argent a lion rampant sable within a bordure engrailed gules. Burke, Robson/ British Herald has two entries one for ‘Berwick on Tweed and Newcastle on Tyne’, the other for ‘Lord of Wynyard and Redmarshall, Durham’)

Argent a lion rampant sable within a bordure engrailed gules Surtees 1823 The Historical Antiquities of the County Palatinate of Durham Volume 3 Stockton and Darlington Wards

278 Gold a lion rampant sable bleeding at the shoulder gules

                              Archaeologia Aeliana Series 3 Vol 6 p119 The Armorials of Northumberland

        wounded on the shoulder

                            Archaeologia Aeliana p140

 Port d’or a une leon rampand de sable nafre sur le spaule devant

                              Archaeologia Aeliana P173 

Thomas de Wynyard’s seal of 1435 shows a lion rampant. SDT 4-9 No 23

Archaeologia Aeliana  has a reference to one of them being an MP in 1394

The Windsor lion is so similar to the above that it is juxtaposed here. It differs from 133 only in the respect of lacking the vulning on the shoulder. The four records of 132 Surtees, British Herald (2) and Burke have all intentionally or accidentally dropped the vulning on the shoulder.

 

Windsor Lion

 

Windsor is in Berkshire. Berkshire is a county in the south of England to the west of London. It is surrounded by Wiltshire, Oxfordshire, Hertfordshire, Surrey, Hampshire and Dorset.  We have three DNA samples from London and the South of England, two of which are haplogroup I and one is haplogroup j2a. To find out if you match any of these you will need to get swabbed. There has been considerable drifting of the form of surnames in London. If your family originally comes from these areas or Berkshire and your surname is Langton, Langston, Langstone, Landon, Lenton, Langthorn or Langhorn then please get DNA’d. If you are a Langston, Landon, Langdon or similar from outside of the UK your name may have drifted in form and you may match one of these groups. Only a DNA sample will tell. So if you are a Langton, Langdon, Landon or Langston from Wiltshire, London, Bedfordshire or Northamptonshire read the DNA article.

281 or a lion rampant sable Windsor Berry appendix Burke

This is very similar to No 123 in the Archaeologia Aelina. It is quite possible that this is indeed Wynyard descendants moving south. Alternatively it could be that a Langton in Windsor copied the Wynyard shield because of the similarity of Windsor/Wynyard

 

 

Leopards Faces

County Durham is in the North East of England to the north of the giant county Yorkshire. Further north still is Northumberland with its northernmost town Berwick which is in England although Berwickshire is in Scotland. There were three places called Langton / Lanton along the border and at least two of them gave rise to the surname Langton. However particularly in Scotland in Roxburgh, Selkirk and Peebles the name has drifted to Lanton or Linton. So if your surname is Langton, Lanton or Linton and you come from the borders send in your DNA. The same applies if you are a Langton, Langthorne, Longhorn or Langhorne from County Durham or the north riding of Yorkshire or Hull and Spurnhead. If you are a Langston, Landon, Langdon or similar from outside of the UK your name may have drifted in form. Send in your DNA results.

286 Argent 3 leopard faces gules Berwick Berry Burke Papworth

287 Argent a chevron (vert) between 3 leopard faces vert Burke Papworth heads Glover/Edmondson

288 Argent a chevron sable between 3 leopard faces vert British Herald

It is quite possible that these represent the original shield of Sir Richard Langton of Langton County Durham who fought at the battle of Lewes in 1264. His descendant John Langton adopted the Lisle lion in 1340 but they must have had a shield 1264-1340 as this is probably it. Members of the family distant from the Lisle connection probably continued to use it after 1340. Alan was a burgess of Berwick in 1271 and shield 161 is recorded as Berwick

 

Fleur de Lys – Great and Little Langton

We possess the DNA from Great Langton (Langton on Swale) and Little Langton but need confirmation from a Langton resident of Yorkshire. If you are a Langton from this area please consider getting a DNA test.

291 Robert de Langton of Little Langton Yorkshire had a seal of a fleur de lys. It might have represented all or part of a shield design.

292 Azure 3 Fluer de Lys ermine De Burgh of West Drayton, Middlesex.  Mr Fysh Coppinger of West Drayton Middlesex inherited 1763 his mother’s (nee Fysh) land in Yorkshire  (Scarborough) and elsewhere, proved descent 1773 from the De Burghs of Gainsborough Lincolnshire. A De Burgh was Chief Justice temp King John and one of the 25 surety barons of Magna Charta (Shield 7 lozenges). Coppinger assumed the name De Burgh becoming Fysh de Burgh and was allowed the above shield. His wife was Easter de Burgh and they of course named their son Fysh. As he was trying to establish his claim and antiquity it presumably had some provenance as he adopted it rather than pursuing the lozenge shield with a difference. The De Burgh’s were the next presenters of to the church in Great Langton after the Langtons but while they were still in the area and seemingly connected. It looks like the right of presentation descended through the female Langton line to the De Burghs and presumably the coat of arms went with it. It is plausible that this was the Langton coat of arms.  

Fleur de Lys – Langton by Horncastle

296 Henry de Langeton of Langton by Horncastle also sealed green a fleur-de-lis B.M. Cart Harl 52 I 26

 

The Most Noble Illustrious Squirrel of David Langton

301 On a shield a squirrel erect.Seal dated 5th November 1318 McDonald: Scottish Armorial Seals. Not sure actual design. Squirrels are of course the red squirrel and should not look like the American grey tree rat. Heraldic squirrels are usually on a branch and holding a nut. The fact that the Langton squirrel is on a shield suggests that this actually was a shield and not just a seal. No colours are given and whilst it is tempting to give it a naturalistic gules it could be any colour.

Also cited in Archaeologia Aeliana Series 3 Vol 6 ‘a squirrel sitting erect.’ David Langeton CDS III 612(Calendar of documents relating to Scotland)

There was one David Langton in Berwick and another possibly the same person on the Scottish side of the border. There were three places called Langton / Lanton along the border and at least two of them gave rise to the surname Langton. However particularly in Scotland in Roxburgh, Selkirk and Peebles the name has drifted to Lanton or Linton. So if your surname is Langton, Lanton or Linton and you come from the borders or Northumberland send in your DNA. We know Langtons also moved from this area down to Hull in Yorkshire. There were three places called Langton / Lanton along the border and at least two of them gave rise to the surname Langton. However particularly in Scotland in Roxburgh, Selkirk and Peebles the name has drifted to Lanton or Linton. So if your surname is Langton, Lanton or Linton and you come from the borders send in your DNA.

 Having looked up Papworth and Walter of Gloucestershire, squirrels are usually red although a couple are or. Parker gives a picture of two squirrels gules which looks terrible and brings home the advantage of having the squirrel or or argent. A good design worth coping in the Walter of Gloucestershire one http://www.archive.org/stream/collectionofcoat00ames#page/100/mode/2up

The Swan Shield

306 Between a chevron charged with three martlets three swans necks-crest a falcon rising and a squires helmet. Oxford University Archives Charles Langton Langtons of Langton p93 Maidenhead/River Witham Langtons

Irish Langton

The Langtons, Mayors of Kilkenny claimed descent from the Lancashire Langtons with argent three chevrons gules. However the basis of this claim looks suspect and we know there were a number of different Langton groups in Ireland including Bishop Walter’s descendants and Lincolnshire Langtons. We have the relevant DNA to tell we just lack the irish samples. So if you are an Irish Langton and particularly if you are from Kilkenny isn’t it time to solve the riddle.

311 Quarterly 1st and 4th argent 3 chevrons gules                                                             2nd Ryan quarterly i & iv) On a bend argent 6 ears of rye sable. ii & iii) azure a chevron between three griffins heads erased argent.                                                                3rd Comerford Azure a buglehorn argent stringed gules between 3 mullets or   

Langton of Danganmore Co Kilkenny Burke

 

The Spanish Castle and Bars

This shield is from descendants of the Kilkenny Langtons. The Langtons, Mayors of Kilkenny claimed descent from the Lancashire Langtons with argent three chevrons gules. However the basis of this claim looks suspect and we know there were a number of different Langton groups in Ireland including Bishop Walter’s descendants and Lincolnshire Langtons. We have the relevant DNA to tell we just lack the Irish samples. So if you are an Irish Langton and particularly if you are from Kilkenny isn’t it time to solve the riddle.

321 Quarterly 1 and 4 light grey, a naturalistic castle keep with sloping sides dark grey with two slit like side windows each side of a central oblong entrance door sable all surmounted by a horizontal ridge, on top of which is a crenelated top showing four portions below which are six slit windows. Emerging from the castle top, a naturalistic dexter arm with a sword horizontal, held in a pink hand, the sleeve brown with a white cuff. In the top left a six pointed star gules with two points upward and two downwards. Quarters 2 and 3 light grey, 3 bars gules. C 1809 Miguel and Miguel Theobald Langton Bath Archives Langton Letters

 

Irish Glanton

 

Glanton seems to be the gaelic pronunciation of Langton. We have glanton DNA which is consistent with Bishop Walters group. The question is how does that DNA relate to these shields. If you are a Glanton please send in your DNA.

326 Glanton Azure a chevron argent between 3 crosses moline or

327 Glantun Gules a chevron between 3 crosses patonce

    

Gore-Langton (Earl Temple of Stowe created 1822)

The Gore’s assumed the name of Langton after marrying the Bristol/Bath Langton heiress.

331 Quarterly 1st and 4th Quarterly sable & or a bend argent LANGTON

2nd Gules a fess between 3 crosslets fitchee or GORE

3rd Sub quarterly 1 & 4 Or an eagle displayed sable

2 & 3 ar 2 bars sable each charged with 3 martlets or TEMPLE

 

Miscellaneous

381 Sable a cross argent John de Langeton of Chichester. This is so lacking in detail it may simply be made up. Of course the bishop had a cross on his shield-here it is. We also know his shield No 205

Despite being Chancellor, keeper of the Great Seal and in public service in church and state for over 50 years, John De Langeton continues to prove very elusive and that includes his origins. He was Bishop of Chichester on the South Coast of England 1305-1337. He had at least three sons or grandsons in the Chichester, Sussex area. So if you are a Langton, Langston or Landon from Sussex, Hampshire, surrey, Kent or London you might be descended from the great man. Please read the DNA article.

 

Langston Shields

The Langstons and Langstones in England are in two groups, one north west of London in Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire, Berkshire, Hertfordshire and Oxfordshire where we believe we have the DNA but we would very much like confirmation of this. So if you are a Langston, Langton Lunnon or Landon from these areas send in your DNA. The second probably unrelated group of Langstons are from the English Midlands Warwickshire, Worcestershire, Staffordshire and Leicestershire. If you are from these areas and your surname in Langston, Langton, Landon or Lenton please read the DNA project articles.

The brothers Nicholas and Henry Langston married Eleanor and Anne Daston co heirs of George Daston of Hinton.  Warwickshire Visitation 1619

400 Or a chevron gules between two roses seeded and barbed proper in chief and a dolphin hourant in base azure. Browne Willis History and antiquities of Buckingham 1755. Lipscomb 1847 following Buckinghamshire Vol 3 adds:  A mullet argent for distinction on the chevron. Crest Two Wyverns heads with interlaced necks. Detail taken from tomb of John Langston 1506 in Caversfield church and doorway in church. He had 12 sons and 10 daughters. This design was apparently later abandoned for a Yorkshire Langton type design.

401 Or a chevron gules in chief 2 (another 3) roses ppr in base a dolphin embowed of the last. LANGSTON or LANGSTONE crest a lion rampant gules supporting a pillar ppr. Burke, Papworth

402 Same arms, roses of the second, dolphin azure Langston (Sedgeberrow and Malvern co Worcester) Visitation of Worcester 1634 Henry Langston patron of Sedgeberrow church 1551 Burke

403 Or a chevron azure between in chief 3 roses gules, in base a dolphin embowed of the 2nd Oxon visitation 1566 Quartered with Wayneman of Witney OxonBurke. Also Papworth Dolphin naiant cites Glover Langston, wrongly Langstone

404 Or on a chevron between 2 roses in chief gules and a dolphin in base ppr 3 crosses crosslet of the first. Langston Sarsden Oxon Burke and Papworth

405 Or a chevron gules in chief two roses of the second seeded proper in base a dolphin naiant embowed azure LANGSTONE Harl MS 1566

406 Argent a chevron sable between in chief 3 torteaux and in base a dolphin embowed of the second Burke

407 Azure 3 f-d-l in pale between 2 palets engrained or LANGSTON Co WorcesterBurke

 

The larger Langston group in Oxon/Bucks have a shield remarkably like the Yorkshire Langton shield which either suggests a copy or a relationship.

408 Gules chevron ermine between 3 hinds or LANGSTON (Cavershill Co Bucks) John Langston his daughter and heiress Jane married 1472 Visitation Oxon 1569  Burke

409 Gules a chevron ermine between 3 stags trippant or Warwickshire Visitation 1619

 

Derived Shields

By which I mean shields of names that are or maybe derived from Langton.

 

Lenton shield

Whilst there are two Lenton villages with different derivations, one in Nottinghamshire, the other in Lincolnshire, the distribution of the name doesn’t match these places but rather mimics the Langton name distribution being particularly concentrated in Leicester City. There looks as if there has been considerable mixing of the two names. Moreover Lenton in Lincolnshire is sometimes called West Langton. this is going to be a real headache to sort out please send in your DNA.

411 Azure a bend ermine between two dolphins embowed and bendways or. Crest a tiger head erased azure tufted armed collared and ringed or. Lenton County Buckingham and Aldwinkle Northants granted 21st March 1584 Burke also (Fun.Ent. Ulsters Office 1623 Edward Lenton of Kilmainham Provost Marshal of Ireland Burke

412 LENTHORNE Gyronny of 8 or and sable an eagle displayed argent Burke This may of course be Lent-Horne or Len-Thorne. See Also 241-244

413 LENTSTON Argent a lion rampant sable Burke

414 LENTON Abbey Quarterly or and azure overall a cross calvary, on three grieces or steps sable fimbriated of the first. Glover

415 LENTHORP Argent a bend gobonated gules and sable cotised of the second

 

421 Lampton Gules a chevron between three lambs (sic) heads embossed argent. Burke Kent

 

Longden / Longsden / Logsdon

I suspect Longden / Longsden is in fact a separate name from Derbyshire but confused with Langton. Both have a high concentration in Codnor Derbyshire. So if you are a Derbyshire or Nottinghamshire Langton, Longden or Longsden please send in your DNA. A further complication is that the name Logsdon crops up in small numbers in Hertfordshire and London and may have an entirely separate origin. So if you are a Logsdon from Hertfordshire, London or Bedfordshire consider being tested. Who knows we may find a match for you.

441 Argent on a bend engrailed azure between two bucks heads cabossed sable, an eagles head erased between two escalops or. Burke Nottingham. Taken from Sherwin arms 1818 and Gregory 1860.

442 Azure three bars dancette or

443 LONGSDEN An eagle displayed with two heads Little Longsdon Co Derby said to be Temp Edward I Burke Now Little Longstone and Great Longstone. In the visitation of Derbyshire 1611 Stephen Longsden of Longsden was disclaimed of being a gentleman. Subsequently in 1628 following a fuller investigation he was recognised, I imagine money helped. His arms are not declared. The idea of a grant of arms in temp Edward I must surely be a fiction. They are said to descend from Matthew illegitimate son of the Rector of Bakewell before temp Edward I. Subsequently they are said to be a double headed eagle but no tincture give. I wonder where they got that from?

LANTON

451 Paly of 6 argent and sable on a chief gules a lion passant guardant or Berry This is borrowed from the Langford shields.

 

Precursors and Descendants

480 Argent a lion ramp azure LISLE the source of the Wynyard lion Grindon Parish doc

481 Ermine 5 chevronels gules canton gules a lion pass or ORREBY Burke

482 Argent 2 chevrons gules  a canton gules 2 lions pass argent ORBEBE Arden roll

483 A quartering  of argent 3 chevrons gules a canton gules with a star of 5 points or on WARBURTON of Arby said to be from Cheshire Visitations ORREBY more likely a LANGTON shield with the canton for difference.

484 De Goules a iii chevrons de argent. Robert BANASTRE last Banastre baron showing white chevrons instead of red William Langton citing roll temp EII

485 Azure 3 lions rampant argent a border of the last from quartered shield of Sir—JUDD London

486  Azure a chevron engrailed tween 3 lions passant guardant or SMYTHE

487 Per pale or and azure a chevron ermine 3 lions passant guardant countcharged Smythe Healow Berks

488 Sable a chevron or between 3 lions heads BEAUCHAMP Papworth

489 Gules 3 chevronels argent Langton? Thwaites church window Westmoreland 1692. As there is also what is described as a cross fretty(fritchy?) one might surmise this could be a Langton Banastre quartering. Beyond the sands Westmoreland Family History Project

490 LAUGHTON Ar on a bend sable three mullets or

There is clearly a lot of scope for confusion between Laughton and Langton. Moreover the villages seem to conspire to occur in proximity to each other. Laughton in Lincolnshire was sometimes called east Langton. This will be a real headache to disentangle. Time to get tested and send us the results.

 

Probable Mistakes

492 Argent., a wyvern volant sableLANGTON Thomas Gerard of Trent(1592-1634) The Particular Description of the County of Somerset p31. Editor of 1900 Rev E Bates in index writes error for LONGLAND. The same book records the name as LANGLOND.  The arms are in fact theft of the Langley Cockatrice which is almost identical to the Wyvern. The colours are identical. This family tried to borrow both from the Langleys and the Langtons See No 537 Ar a chevron gules cortised.

493 Argent a chevron azure between 3 Cornish Choughs LANGTON  Lysons the environs of London Vol 3 Middlesex Willsden This is almost certainly a mistake. The document is recording the LANGTON/BARNE tomb and gives the correct LANGTON Yorkshire arms.

494 Ar a saltire gules on a chief of the last 3 boars heads couped or LAUNGTON Wilford Wilts is in fact LAVINGTON

 

Borrowing

The source for nearly all of these will be Papworth

531 Argent 2 bends gules charged with a bendlet indented or LANDOR

532 Gules a chevron engrailed tween 3 cinquefoils argent LICKTON Burke

533 Argent 3 chevronels gules on the 2nd an annulet or LANGHAM of Keberle

534 Ermine 3 chevrons sable LANGTREE Lancs Burke

535 Argent 2 chevrons gules LANGBORNE Burke

536 Paly 6 argent and vert, mullet or on the second Bishop Thomas LANGLEY Burke

537 Argent a chevron gules cotised (ie 3 chevron gules but 1&3 a quarter normal size) LANGLOND Glover  Burke  See also No 492 This family borrowed from both Langton and Langley

539 Gules 3 lion rampant ermine no chevron LANGDONTHORP Papworth? LANDENTHORPE Glover LUNDERTHORP Burke. Place is called Londonthorpe

540 Azure 3 roses or tween a chevron or embattled LANGHAM of Leics &Lincs

545 Or 3 leopard faces sable LYNDOWN Burke

546 Sable 3 leopard faces argent LYNDONNE LYNDOWNE Burke

547 Sable 3 Leopard faces or LYNDON Burke

548 Argent a chevron sable tween 3 leopard heads sable LEE of Langley ShropshirePapworth

549 Ar 2 chevron gules GRENDON Warwick supposedly in King Stephen’s time

550 Ar 3 chevron gules a label vair GRENDON of Leics (too much coincidence)

551 Quarterly per fesse indented or and gules De LAUGHTON of Laughton en le Morthen previously a cross between four Quatrefoils within a bordure.

The similarity of this name with Langton is such that we suspect some confusion. The results would be interesting to see.

552 Quarterly per fesse indented or and gules LEIGHTON.

Leighton and Langton are separate names but there may have been some mixing. By all means send in your DNA results.

553 Quarterly per fesse indent or and gules in the 1st a lion pass guardant argent LANGLEY

554 Argent on a cross gules 5 roses of the first LINTON Cambridgeshire Papworth.

Bishop John Langton of St Davids was Chancellor of Cambridge University and there were certainly Langtons around Cambridge soon afterwards who may have been his descendants. If you are a Langton or Linton from Cambridgeshire try a DNA test.

555 Argent double headed eagle gules William of Greenfield Archbishop York 1306-15. I increasingly feel this is a coincidence

556 Latton 2 chevrons gobonny of Chilton Berks married Tipping of Draycotte. Oxford Visitation 1623

Latton is another surname very close to Langton and there has probably been some mixing. It would be interesting to see your DNA results.

557 Latting Argent 3 chevronels between 3 estoiles vert Long Island  Croziers General Armory of America

Latting  is another surname very close to Langton and there has probably been some mixing. It would be interesting to see your DNA results


Longstaff, Longstaffe, Langstaff, Langstaff are a group of names that only seem to occur in Langton areas. This casts doubts on Bardsley’s suggestion that the origin is a nick name for a baliff or officer of the law. Why would that only happen in Langton areas. If you have this name and have already had your DNA tested please send us the result, if not please get tested so that we can solve the mystery of the relationship between these names and Langton.


561 Langstaff azure a bend or between 3 cocks argent Burke


562 Langstaff  argent on a bend azure between 2 pheons sable a leopard face between 2 escallops or a chief engrailed gules thereon an estoille between 2 fleur de lys gold. Granted to Joseph of Newcastle Burke


563 Longstaff Or a bend sable fimbriated argent between 3 pheons of the second, on a chief gules a bezant between 2 fleur de lys of the field. Burke


564 Longstaff Azure a chevron between 3 quarter-staffs argent Burke


A similar sounding surname is Laughton


571 Laughton Argent on a bend sable 3 mullets or Burke


Dates and Sources

Robert Glover 1544-1588 An Ordinary. A handwritten work published by Joseph Edmondson with additions in 1780

John Withie c1640 An illustrator who made some additions to Glover

William Berry 1774-1851 published his version of Glover with additions 1828-1840 in 4(5) volumes including an extensive appendix of further additions.

Thomas Robson British Herald 1830 original plus addendum

Evelyn Shirley 1812-1882

John Papworth 1874 Alphabetical Dictionary completed after his death by Arthur Morant

William Langton 1876 Remains Historical and Literary Connected with the Palatine Counties of Lancaster and Cheshire Chetham Society Vols 98 & 99

Sir John Burke 1884 The General Armorial and occasionally the Heraldic Encyclopaedia

Joseph Foster 1844-1905 Some Feudal Coats of Arms 1902

Joseph Foster 1844-1905 Two Tudor Books of Arms1904 Harleian Manuscripts 2169 and 6163


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